Twenty-three states of the Federation and the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) received N24,450,000,000.00 from the conditional grant programs as an incentive to invest more of their resources in areas of national development priorities and goals. Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) / Sustainable Development Goals.
The President’s Senior Special Assistant (SSA) on the SDGs, Ms. Adejoke Orelope-Adefulire, revealed this to State House correspondents on Thursday during a ministerial press conference hosted by the Presidential Communications Team at the villa. Presidential Abuja.
The fund, disbursed from 2015 to date, was introduced in 2007 with a walking grant of 50% from the federal government and 50% from participating states.
According to her, the grants were for education, health, water and sanitation projects and aimed to implement pro-poor projects in a consultative manner with the beneficiaries.
She said the money was spent on setting up 732 water and sanitation facilities; 494 health facilities (new structures and renovation/rehabilitation); 616 educational institutions (new construction, renovation/rehabilitation of a block of classrooms; 1,150 women and men were empowered/trained in vocational skills, such as sewing, knitting, making detergents and ointments, etc.)
According to her, there are special intervention projects in geopolitical areas, one initiative, she claimed, was aimed at strategic investment to accelerate the achievement of the SDGs in Nigeria.
She said, “Between 2016 and 2021, a record number of projects have been implemented, aimed at delivering essential services to accelerate the achievement of the SDGs, ensuring that no Nigerian is left behind.
“In the education sector, 8,008 classrooms built and 305 renovated with furniture to strengthen basic education across the country.
“A total of 4,845 desktop and laptop computers have also been provided to schools across the country for information and communication technology (ICT) training.
“In the health sector, 195 health centers, comprising primary health care centers (PHCs) and mother-child centers (MCCs) have been constructed, complemented by the provision of 199 intensive care and rural ambulances. About 257 incubators and 7,464 regular and automated hospital beds were provided in the health facilities on the tour.
“In other cross-cutting sectors, the OSSAP-SDGs have built 66 vocational training and skills acquisition centres; supplied 1,294 transformers; supply of 19,266 solar street lights; 300 housing units for internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Borno State; and 925 solar boreholes, in addition to several other interventions.
Orelope-Adefulire also spoke about some of the findings of the 2020 Voluntary National Review, stating that according to Nigeria’s 2nd Voluntary National Review (VNR) 2020 on SDG-3, as the country faces challenges in terms of health outcomes, such as high maternal mortality rates, there is a significant reduction in under-five mortality rates (from 157 to 132).
She revealed that Nigeria’s current access to basic drinking water now stands at 64% as she said the review highlighted the need to invest more in public health and ensure that the most vulnerable are reached through universal access to basic health services.
“With regard to SDG-4, a key challenge the country faces is children out of school, a demographic challenge linked to an interaction between employment (SDG-8), education (SDG-4) , poverty (SDG -1) and the digital economy (SDG-17) With a population of around 200 million, regional disparities are significant.
“On SDG-8, Nigeria’s informal economy is one of the largest on the continent – estimated at 53% of the labor force and accounting for 65% of GDP. It is estimated that 75% of all new jobs are informal. Ensuring that young people are well trained and able to move into productive employment through the digital economy can help reduce poverty and diversify growth away from oil and gas.
“Furthermore, the Nigerian government can radically shift to digitalization and strengthen its transition to e-government to facilitate its social protection for the poor and vulnerable,” she added.
On ending poverty in all its forms everywhere, reducing poverty and sharing prosperity under Goal 1 of the SDGs, she said the federal government has maintained steady investments in spending. health, education and other social services between 2015 and 2018 “because investments in these areas are essential and integral to fighting poverty.
“With around 10.8 million children out of school and more people falling into poverty, Nigeria’s education expenditure was only around 8.6% in 2015 and has seen a steady decline to 8 ,2, 8.5 and 8.2% in 2016, 2017 and 2018.
“This was largely due to the economic recession of 2016 and the decline in global oil prices and the COVID-19 pandemic,” she added.
Regarding Zero Hunger Goal 2, the Presidential Assistant said: “Baseline results showed that the prevalence of undernourishment in 2016 for stunting, moderate stunting and stunting stunting was 32.9 percent, 20.4 percent and 12.5 percent respectively, while in 2019 the report showed 32 percent stunting, and 21.2 and 10.8 percent moderate and severe growth retardation respectively.
Thus, we had a slight decrease in severe growth retardation.
On Goal 3, which is to ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages, she said the baseline summary indicated that the under-five mortality rate ( meaning that for every child born in a given year to survive before reaching age 5) per 1,000 live births in 2016 was 128/1,000 live births, but has dropped significantly to 100 in 2018 and 2019.
“However, the population of Nigerians covered by the National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) for improved quality of life through the removal of financial barriers has increased from 634,154 for men and 266,618 for women in 2016 to around 781,057 for men and 332,742 for women. – an increase of around 26% in national coverage,” she said.
For Goal 4, she said the participation rate of youth and adults in formal and non-formal education and training in the previous 12 months increased from 4.97% in 2016 to 5.38 in 2017 and 2018, while for Goal 8, Nigeria faces economic challenges, which was a fall in the global oil price crash and insufficient foreign exchange earnings to reach the balance of trade.
Nevertheless, she said, this figure increased from -1.6% in 2016 to 0.82% in 2017 with an annual per capita rate of -17.31% and was later increased to 1.91%. in 2018 and 2.27% in 2019 with GDP per capita growth of 1.22%. in 2019.
On reducing inequalities within and between countries under Goal 10, she pointed out that in 2016, labor’s share of GDP was 25.17% and had been steadily increasing to 26, 06% and 26.61% in 2017 and 2019.
“With the successful realignment of the National Statistical System (NSS) with the SDG indicators in December 2021, going forward we will be able to track and report on the SDGs on an annual basis – every December through from the National Bureau of Statistics. Nigeria is now the first country in Africa to have successfully realigned its national statistical system,” she said.
According to the SDG boss, “The Nigerian government has shown strong commitment to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the SDGs. Institutional frameworks have been established at national and subnational levels to support the effective implementation of the SDGs. Thus, Nigeria is leading in the institutionalization of the SDGs.
“The SDGs cannot be achieved with stand-alone programs and projects. They need to be carefully integrated into national and subnational development policies and plans. Currently, we have integrated the SDGs into Nigeria’s National Development Plan (2021-2025) and are currently supporting 16 states to develop SDG-based development plans.
“We hope that the 36 states and the FCT will eventually develop SDG-compliant development plans. This is our approach to Mainstreaming, Acceleration and Policy Support (MAPS).
“Robust monitoring and tracking systems have been designed to ensure effective monitoring of interventions using computer-aided software. We commit to conducting voluntary national reviews every two years for submission to the United Nations High-Level Political Forum (HLPF).
“To ‘leave no one behind’, we need the expertise and resources of all – public and private sectors; United Nations Development System; donor community; academia and wider civil society and concerned citizens.