In Central America, seasonal trends are exacerbated by above-average prices, limiting food access during the annual lean season for the poorest households in rural and urban areas. Until the first harvest begins in August/September, the poorest households in much of the region are expected to experience Stressed (IPC Phase 2) results. At the same time, the poorest households in the Dry Corridor, eastern Honduras and in the areas affected by hurricanes Eta and Iota in Guatemala will be classified as Crisis (IPC Phase 3), as they engage in unsustainable coping strategies, such as resorting to loans and credit. purchase food, migrate atypically, borrow or rely on food support from friends and family, and/or sell their productive assets to meet their food needs.
Across the region, inflation continued its upward trend in May. Increases in the consumer price index, particularly in the food and non-alcoholic beverages category, are driven by high international prices for fuels and some food items. In April, prices for maize, beans, vegetable oil and wheat products were higher in all reporting countries than in April 2021 and compared to the five-year average, limiting the power of purchase.
Primera plantings started normally with the onset of the rainy season. However, a reduction in the sown area is probably given by significantly above average prices for fertilizers and other agricultural inputs. Forecasts of near-average rainfall for most of the region over the next few weeks will allow most crops to develop normally, although above-average rainfall in July could lead to localized losses from excess rain. ‘humidity.
In Haiti, livelihoods continue to be disrupted due to high commodity prices and lack of employment opportunities. The security situation is further deteriorating, as the gangs increase their control and expand into additional territories in the West, Center, South, North West and Artibonite, negatively affecting economic activities and the market supply and reducing physical access to household income sources. At the same time, the rains of March and April favored the sowing and development of spring crops. The poorest households in Haiti will likely continue to adopt unsustainable coping strategies to maintain their food consumption in a context of very high prices, resulting in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and Stressed ( IPC Phase 2) in most regions.